With the global contagion of coronavirus, we should take note of some coronavirus prevention tips. Everyone should become extra cautious and take enough measures to make sure he or she doesn’t spread the virus or get infected.
What should you do to protect yourself?
Here are few and simple coronavirus prevention tips:
1. Clean your hands:
This is the simplest yet the most effective action that we could take to avoid spreading the virus.
However, not all people are seriously and religiously doing it right. When washing your hands, experts say that it has to be done for at least 20 seconds. You can also sing the Happy Birthday song twice while washing the hands. This is enough of a time to keep the bacteria away from your hands.
2. Use hand sanitizer:
In case, you do not have access to water and soap in your place, you can always clean your hands by sanitizing them. Using hand sanitizer is one of the most common coronavirus prevention tips. Take note that the hand sanitizer must contain at least 60% alcohol content (According to CDC) to effectively kill the germs and bacteria in your hands.
When do you need to sanitize your hands?
As often as you have to. After touching the door handle or holding on to the rail of the bus or even after typing from your computer. Always sanitize after touching things that are touched by many. This way, you are preventing the bacteria from staying in your hands.
3. Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands:
Touching any part of your face with unwashed hands means you are allowing the bacteria to penetrate inside your body.
How do we avoid touching our faces?
Studies showed that an average person touches his/her face 24 times in an hour. This is a lot of time and an easy way for the virus to get inside your body. Here are two simple yet effective tips on avoiding touching your face:
Tie a ribbon to your finger:
This is one way to stop your finger from reaching your face. This way, you are more aware that you have to stop yourself from touching your face. Psychologists have agreed with the idea that having something on your hands adds more awareness factors in your brain. Once your brain senses the ribbon on your finger, you would stop it before it even reaches your face.
Keep your hands busy:
Keeping your hands busy can be done by holding something. A stress ball was used by experts to study this experiment. Keeping your hands busy by holding the stress ball avoids yourself from getting your hands to your face. On the other hand, the object has to be cleaned often to avoid the clamps of germs.
4. Avoid close contact
Being in close contact with someone, especially with an infected person, increases the exposure of having the infection. Since we cannot detect if a person is infected, it is a great necessity that you avoid being too close with anyone. Here are other coronavirus prevention tips in:
Avoid close contact with people who are sick
– A lot of us have a high vulnerability nowadays. Sick people have the highest risk of coronavirus infection. It is, therefore, of great necessity that you stay away from these people.
Those who have coronavirus symptoms:
These are those who have coronavirus symptoms. If they show signs of fever, coughing, sneezing, and lethargy, you should stay away from them. These are signs and symptoms of coronavirus and you might be prone to infection if you are with these people.
Put distance between yourself and other people
– Experts say that the ideal distance that two individuals must observe is at least 1 meter away. This is equivalent to one arm-length away. This distance, as experts say, is ideal to prevent the virus to get from one source to another.
Create your preventive actions for other
Protecting yourself also means protecting others. In pandemic times like this, it is a must that we protect each other. Take note that our health is of great value and we should not only be taking care of ourselves, but we should also take care of other’s health! Here are a few coronavirus prevention tips that we can do to protect others:
Stay home if you are sick
– Being sick is one of the signs and symptoms of coronavirus and is, therefore, dangerous if you get too close with other people. Staying home is one of the coronavirus prevention tips to avoid infection to others.
Observe coughing and sneezing etiquette
– Sneezing and coughing is one way of spreading the virus. Therefore, you have to observe coughing and sneezing etiquette. Here is the sneezing and coughing etiquette:
Cover your mouth and nose
– Of course, it is a must that you cover your mouth when you sneeze and cough. That is the best way to spread the virus to others.
Throw used tissues
– If you are using a tissue when you sneeze and cough, make sure to throw them in a bin. Do not just leave them anywhere since someone may touch them and may cause the spread of the infection.
Wash your hands with soap and water
– After sneezing, coughing, and throwing away your tissue, make sure to wash your hands properly with soap and water. Observe the 20-second rule in washing your hands with soap and water.
Wear a mask
– Wearing a mask is a protective gear for both you and others. While doing so, make sure that you are wearing the right mask and also, wearing it the right way.
Wearing a face mask when you are sick
– If you are sick, it is ideal that you wear a face mask to prevent the contagion of your disease.
Wearing a face mask when you are not sick
– This is a preventive measure you can do for yourself. Wearing a face mask even if you are not sick will reduce the possibility of getting the infection.
Proper wearing of the surgical face mask
– With the outbreak of covid 19, Wearing the face mask will not be enough if you are wearing it the wrong way. Here are a few steps on proper wearing the surgical face mask:
Step 1: Wash and sanitize your hands before wearing the mask:
You have to always make sure that your hands are free from germs before you wear a mask.
Step 2: Hold it using the earloops:
Never touch the face of the mask upon wearing it. Afterward, place the earloops properly over your ears.
Step 3: Make sure that the strip of metal of the face mask is on your nose bridge:
Pinch the strip of metal on your nose to fit it properly.
Step 4: After using the mask, remove it from the earloops:
Again, avoid touching the face of the mask since it has already been used and may contain virus.
Step 5: Fold the mask with the inner parts inwards:
Fold the mask with the inner parts inwards and dispose of it properly in a bin.
Step 6: Wash your hands with soap and water:
Afterward, make sure to sanitize your hands with at least 60% alcohol-based sanitizer.
Clean and Disinfect
Make the habit of cleaning and disinfecting surfaces that are often touched by many people. These surfaces include doorknobs, tables, computers, and others. The proper disinfection of these surfaces lessens, if not eliminates, the chances of getting infected with the coronavirus.
If your house or office has dirty surfaces, clean them! By cleaning them, make sure to use disinfectant. Water and cloth may not be enough to disinfect the surfaces. Here are the few tips in disinfecting surfaces:
1. Diluting your household bleach
Get your household bleach and dilute it with water. The ideal ratio is 1 cup of bleach with 1 gallon of water. This would be enough to dilute the surfaces.
2. Alcohol solutions
They are also effective in disinfecting surfaces. 60%-70% or alcohol content is the ideal solution to eliminate germs on surfaces.
3. EPA registered home disinfectants
Apart from household bleach and alcohol, here are some of the EPA registered home disinfectants:
- Clorox wipes, spray, and bleach
- Lysol products
- OxyCide cleaner
- Peak Wipes
- Peroxide cleaner and disinfectant
- Purell wipes
- Sani Cloth wipes and Spray
Protective measures for people who have been to covid 19 areas
If you are one of the people who have visited places in Asia such as China, and Europe such as Italy, and other covid-infected areas, you have to be in quarantine. This is the very first step that you can do to avoid the possibility of spreading the infection.
Apart from the coronavirus prevention tips and information listed above, the following are the immediate steps that you should do in if you are a person who had current visits in covid-infected areas:
- If you start to feel unwell and start to experience mild symptoms such as headache and runny nose, stay at home. You may take common flu and colds medications and never go out until you fully recover. Drinking lots of water to hydrate yourself is also an effective way of alleviating your flu. This will not only protect you but also the people that you get in close with.
- However, if you start to have illnesses such as coughing, fever, and difficulty breathing, it is high time that you see medical experts and workers. These are serious conditions already and you may be in dire need of medical intervention. The medical healthcare experts are the right people who can give the services that can help you cure and alleviate your symptoms.
Risk Levels of Coronavirus Infection
A lot of people are asking who has the highest risk of being infected with coronavirus nowadays? Many are saying that the old and young ones are the most vulnerable. Let us discuss them further:
Elder’s Risk Level
A study conducted in the USA showed that 105.5 million adults in America are at a high risk of infection. 76.3 million of this population are aged 60 and above. They are the people at most risk of getting the infection.
The reason lies in their age. Being old means having a low immune system and there are already underlying medical problems that may have appeared due to old age. Common illnesses such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and some respiratory problems are prone to this age. Those diagnosed with these illnesses are easily infected by any form of the virus.
Coronavirus Prevention Tips for Older People at Risk
If you are living with your grandparents at home and you know that they are one of the most vulnerable with the coronavirus outbreak, you must know some coronavirus prevention tips. Here are a few and simple ones:
Know the different guidelines and tips in avoiding the spread of the infection. Know the common coronavirus prevention tips such as frequent washing of hands, sanitizing hands, avoiding crowded places, and frequent sanitizing of homes. These are simple yet are of great help in preventing the disease.
Cancel some non-essential doctor’s appointments:
Old people always have a regular doctor’s visit. However, you can skip those nowadays since the hospital is not a good place to visit nowadays. If you have your doctor’s number, it is better if you do the medical discussion over the phone, via skype or Facetime.
Know some risks involved with social isolation:
In the US, 16% of the elders live alone and social isolation has proven too much anxiety and loneliness for them. Psychologists say that loneliness among elders can trigger health problems. Schedule visits with your old loved ones. Communicate with them often. Let them know you are there for them and that they are not alone.
Schedule meetings with the caregivers:
According to the National Association of Home Care and Hospice, there are about 12 million old people who receive care at home. They have their on-call caregivers who deliver home care services. Being part of this population means you have to sit down and discuss with your caregiver the risk that your old grandparents or parents may have in the exposure to the virus. They are the experts and they know better. Listen to their advice.
Amidst the pandemic, we should still stay active, especially the old ones. Let them walk around your yard. Simple walking excises their muscles and their respiratory system, making them healthier.
Are the children at high risk?
As per evidence, children are not at high risk for the coronavirus. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention mentioned that children may only be at high risk if they have underlying medical problems. Those who suffer from medical illnesses such as cancer and respiratory problems make them vulnerable. Most children have a good and stable immune system which makes them at low risk with the deadly coronavirus disease.
China, for example, has zero record of children dying due to the virus. This is because children are prone to seasonal viruses which causes them to be prone and immune to such scenarios. 15% of the children who are exposed to viruses have medically recovered. However, these children could still carry the virus with them and may transfer to other children and their parents and caregivers. That is why it is still very important that the children value the importance of washing their hands regularly.
Should you alter daily activities? If yes, how?
In pandemic days like this, there are things that we need to modify. A few that you could do are:
Avoid crowded places: These places include clubs, coffee shops, mass gatherings. Try and avoid such to avoid contact with people who may be infected.
Be vigilant in a public: If you have to go out, you don’t need to stay away from people and shut yourself from the world. All you need to be is be vigilant. Take a look around and observe people who may be sick. These are the people that you have to stay away from.
Exercise and eat healthy: Even though you minimize your social life, it is still important to do your exercise routine. Even your old loved ones have to take note of their proper diet and daily exercise. The virus will have no way of entering a healthy body.
Things to note about self-isolation
Self-isolation is the best thing to do if you found yourself having the symptoms of coronavirus. However, take note that long term self-isolation may put your mental health at risk.
While psychologists suggest that isolation is related to loneliness, it is recommended that you stay away from people as long you have signs and symptoms related to coronavirus. Once these symptoms disappear, you may start going out and live the life you used to. However, you still have to bear in mind the guidelines and tips mentioned above in going about with your daily life.
What to do when visiting loved ones at nursing homes?
If you have a family member who is in a nursing home, the first thing you should do is to call them. Why? Some nursing home facilities have closed their doors and do not accept visitors to protect their residents from possible infections. Some of them simply follow the standards mandated by their city in the development of health and safety among their residents.
On the other hand, there are some that allow visitors but only those that do not show any slight coronavirus related symptoms such as flu and fever. If you do not show any of these symptoms, then you may be allowed to visit your loved ones.
What should you stock up in your house?
Panic buying will do you no good and will only be a waste of money. Amidst this pandemic, you must remain calm and be vigilant. You do not need to buy stocks that are good for a year! You only need to buy the essentials. A few things that you need to pile up on are:
- Toilet paper
If you are worried about food, you can always prepare and freeze them for later consumption. If not, you can always order food and have them delivered. Again, there is no need to panic. Stay calm, alert, and be well-educated!
How should you travel?
The CDC highly discourages any unnecessary travels by plane and by sea. This may be a source of infection among people which is not good to a place where you are planning to go to. The CDC further suggests a policy that you cancel some of your cruise plans since this can be a source of person-to-person infection of coronavirus.
All in all, coronavirus, just like the past MARS and SARS viruses, is a pandemic that is worrisome for many. A lot of lives were lost due to this disease. The medical experts are still studying and searching on the cure for this deadly disease. That is why people must remain calm. Watch news, read books, be informed about the best thing to do in times like this. Remember, being well-informed about coronavirus can save you!